Fertility and Conception

A woman conceives when the female egg or ovum is fertilized by a sperm (beginning of pregnancy). A pregnancy can be planned or sudden, but providing a healthy beginning and preparation can lead to better chances of a healthy pregnancy and childbirth.

Browse through the following information to know about conception, fertility, nutrition, health and functions of the reproductive system.

The working of  Female Reproductive System

How the Female Reproductive Organs Work
Working of the Reproductive Cycle
Role of Hormones in the Menstrual Cycle

Conception or Egg Fertilization


Signs of Good Fertility
Ageing and Fertility
Factors in Lifestyle that Reduce Fertility

Preconception – Preparing for Pregnancy

Foods rich in Nutrients you need during Pregnancy

References –

  • Wikipedia
  • Fertility Demystified – by Susan Warhus M.D.
  • The New Complete Book of Food – by Carol Ann Rinzler
  • Image Sources – Wikimedia Commons (Click on images for source details)



in case anyone is looking for a good fertility specialist in kolkata, please let me know...

Harmeet Kaur
Harmeet Kaur

Hi Sonia,
Besides the biological phenomena, the mental state of the couple is important for the woman to conceive.
With more working women, the family pressures, stress levels and physical dullness also reduces the changes of conception.
I have seen practical cases where the fear of loosing one's job has led to cases of miscarriages.



Yes Rakshita, My advice would be to discuss this with your spouse and gynecologist. Websites and books will provide you with the information, but ultimately you will have to decide how to use the information :) SmartMomz wishes you the very best and always there to help you. Wait and let other Smartmomz members also help you. Good fertility (both you and your spouse) and having intercourse at the right time of the month is all you need to conceive.


thanks Sonia. i will refer this site to my other friends too. nice chatting with you. 


Thanks Sonia. I am not able to reply to the comment. it says null. 
I will try the positions and also consult my gynae. The problem is, i do not knwo about these positions at all. i am pretty naive in such. let me discuss with my husband and see if he knows about the mentioned positions. do you have any links which can help further on this?


Yes Rakshita, the article at pregnancy.org seems fine and yes, true for every woman on earth. There is no harm in trying what the article suggests you. But please consult your gynecologist and discuss with him/her all the information you are following, including the information at SmartMomz, before trying anything. Be careful with suggestions on medicines and herbal remedies etc. Do not try anything before consulting or discussing with a gynecologist or a fertility expert.


Thanks Sonia. very helpful. so do you suggest we should have intercourse only on specific days and not on a very regular basis? what about which positions help? i desperately want to conceive. apologies if this is bothering you. 


Hi Rakshita,
Going by what is written under "Working of the reproductive cycle" and "Ovulation", the best chances of conceiving a baby are 3 days before and after the day of ovulation (release of egg by the ovaries in the fallopian tube), which occurs normally before 14 days of the first day of next period. So having intercourse during these days near the ovulation will help you conceive.
You can track ovulation using 2 methods:
1. Slight rise in Basal Body Temperature (you will need to fill in your body temperature using a BBT thermometer)
2. Cervical mucus - A pliable mucus is released during the time of ovulation through the vagina.
You can track your day of ovulation by downloading "PrePregnancy" file available in  our "Tools" page. 
Hope this helps you :) You can ask any more doubts if you have.


Thanks for the article. i found it through yahoo search. me and my husband are planning for a baby and have intercourse every alternate day. Is it normal to have intercourse every alternate day for better conception? 

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