First Month – The new life Begins
In the first month of pregnancy, a woman is often not aware that she is pregnant! This is the month a woman conceives a baby and may start noticing some changes in her body and behavior. For some the pregnancy is planned, but for some it can be a surprise. Once pregnancy is confirmed, the couple should start the preparation for a journey towards parenthood.
The given table summarizes important information about what to expect during this month, how the baby develops, diet, do’s and don’ts.
|Mom-to-Be||Baby||Do’s and Don’ts||Food|
|The baby is conceived in this month. Some women may observe slight vaginal bleeding during implantation of the zygote in the uterus.||The egg will be fertilized by the sperm, to form a zygote, which will multiply itself into many cells and embed itself in the uterus.||Alcohol, Drugs and Smoking – A Big NO.||Munch on nuts and whole grain cereals.|
|Increase in hormones, estrogen and progesterone will start preparing your body for pregnancy and childbirth and you will feel some changes in your body and behavior.||The beginning of formation of placenta to feed the fetus begins.||Eat small meals every 2-3 hours to relieve nausea. Drink lots of water and increase fluid intake. Keep some mint or flavored hard candies which relieve the feeling of nausea. Avoid places and odors that make you nauseated.||Soups, salads, a variety of Fruits and vegetables. Prepare a weekly menu which consists of a variety of foods that give you all the nutrients you need.|
|Nausea, Mood Swings and Irritability.||The baby is developing fast and already has a head and a body by the end of the month. The zygote has developed into the embryo.||Vitamin A supplements should be avoided as excess Vitamin A cannot be naturally removed by the body, and can cause birth defects and miscarriage.||Prefer Fruit Juices to Colas and soft drinks. Prefer warm milk to tea and coffee.|
|Enlargement and tingling of breasts and darkening of nipples.||By the end of the month, the baby is about 3mm in length.||Vaginal Bleeding should be immediately reported to your doctor.||B-Vitamins and Folic Acid supplements.|
|Frequent Urination.||The sex of the baby is decided during egg fertilization. The male sperm carries either X (girl) or Y (boy) chromosome. The chromosomes in the female egg contains only X. It is the combination of the X and Y chromosomes during fertilization – XX(girl) and XY(boy) that decides the baby’s sex.||Ask your doctor before taking any kind of medication.||Don’t miss Whole wheat cereals and breads, fortified cereals, wheat germ, Lentils, Asparagus and Spinach. Omega 6 and Omega 3 rich foods are also good for the baby’s nervous system. So include fish (salmon is a good source), flaxseeds and nuts in your diet. Do not use flaxseed oil.|
|Tiredness and fatigue.||Nervous and blood circulatory systems are more developed than other organs.||Avoid vigorous workouts.||Protein and Calcium is also important for you and your baby. Eggs, milk and milk products, soy products and pulses are good sources of protein and calcium.|